For years we have been talking about how mobile identity will develop as a compliment to physical identity documents. This presentation will look at what it really takes to deploy mobile ID on a National scale. The challenges that exist of a technical, logistical and political nature will be discussed using real world examples. We will also see how it is important to have flexibility in mobile ID to ensure that local requirements are met and the bigger opportunities for mobile technology, in terms of services and convenience, are realised.